||Lagoons tend to be shallow, highly enclosed, with reduced exchange with the ocean,
often experiencing high evaporation, and quiescent in terms of wind, current, and
wave energy. They tend to have a very high surface to volume ratio, low to moderate
watershed to water area ratio and can have a high wetland to water ratio. The flushing
times tend to be long relative to riverine estuaries and even embayments, as the restricted
exchange with the marine end member and reduced river input lengthen residence times.