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Fjord (Physiographic Setting)

Component: Physiographic Setting

Unique Identifier: 48

Physiographic Setting Fjord

Definition A long, narrow, glacially eroded inlet or arm of the sea. They are often U-shaped, steep-walled, and deep. Because of their depth, they tend to have low surface-area-to-volume ratios. They have moderate watershed-to-water-area ratios and low-to-moderate riverine inputs. Fjords often have a geologic sill formation at the seaward end caused by glacial action. This morphology—combined with a low exchange of bottom waters with the ocean—can result in formation of hypoxic bottom waters.