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Low and Intermediate Salt Marsh (Biotic Group)

Component: Biotic

Unique Identifier: 571

Biotic Setting Benthic/Attached Biota
Biotic Class Emergent Wetland
Biotic Subclass Emergent Tidal Marsh
Biotic Group Low and Intermediate Salt Marsh
Biotic Community Acrostichum aureum - (Acrostichum danaeifolium) Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation
Carex lyngbyei - (Distichlis spicata, Triglochin maritima) Herbaceous Vegetation
Carex lyngbyei Herbaceous Vegetation
Deschampsia caespitosa - (Carex lyngbyei, Distichlis spicata) Herbaceous Vegetation
Distichlis spicata - (Salicornia virginica) Herbaceous Vegetation
Distichlis spicata - Ambrosia chamissonis Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia (bigelovii, virginica) Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation [Provisional]
Salicornia virginica - Brassica nigra Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia virginica - Distichlis spicata - Jaumea carnosa Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia virginica - Distichlis spicata - Triglochin maritima - (Jaumea carnosa) Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia virginica - Frankenia salina - Suaeda californica Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia virginica / Algae Herbaceous Vegetation
Salicornia virginica Herbaceous Vegetation
Sesuvium portulacastrum Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation [Placeholder]
Spartina alterniflora - Distichlis spicata - Spartina patens Mesohaline Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina alterniflora - Juncus roemerianus - Distichlis spicata Louisianian Zone Salt Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina alterniflora - Distichlis spicata Tidal Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina alterniflora / (Ascophyllum nodosum) Acadian/Virginian Zone Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina alterniflora Carolinian Zone Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina patens - Distichlis spicata - (Juncus gerardii) Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina patens - Schoenoplectus (americanus, pungens) - (Distichlis spicata) Herbaceous Vegetation
Spartina foliosa Herbaceous Vegetation
Triglochin maritima - (Salicornia virginica) Herbaceous Vegetation


Description
Definition Salt marshes that are regularly flooded by tides so as to support characteristic halophytic vegetation (e.g., Spartina alterniflora). In locations with appropriate topography and tidal exchange, extensive meadows may form. Shrubs are less common in these areas. The list of biotic communities for this group is long: a few examples are provided below, and the complete list is available in Appendix F.