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Saltwater Tidal Scrub-Shrub (Biotic Group)

Component: Biotic

Unique Identifier: 576

Biotic Setting Benthic/Attached Biota
Biotic Class Scrub-Shrub Wetland
Biotic Subclass Tidal Scrub-Shrub Wetland
Biotic Group Saltwater Tidal Scrub-Shrub
Biotic Community Borrichia arborescens Shrubland
Borrichia frutescens / (Spartina patens, Juncus roemerianus) Shrubland
Borrichia frutescens / Spartina spartinae Shrubland
Baccharis halimifolia - Iva frutescens - Morella cerifera - (Ilex vomitoria) Shrubland
Baccharis halimifolia - Iva frutescens / Panicum virgatum Shrubland
Iva frutescens ssp<i>.</i> <i>frutescens - Baccharis halimifolia / Spartina spartinae</i> Shrubland
Iva frutescens / Spartina patens Shrubland
Avicennia germinans / Spartina alterniflora Shrubland
Morella cerifera - Baccharis halimifolia / Eleocharis fallax Shrubland
Iva frutescens / Spartina cynosuroides Tidal Shrubland


Description
Definition Tidal areas dominated by halophytic shrubs or immature trees that are less than 6 meters tall. Vegetation is composed of halophytic species, chiefly shrubs and other herbaceous species. The vegetation is usually arranged in distinct zones of parallel patterns in response to gradients of tidal flooding frequency and duration, water chemistry, or other disturbances. The list of Biotic Communities for this group is long: a few examples are provided below, and the complete list is available in Appendix F.